6 steps of reciting Rhymes in the English Nali-Kali classroom

6 steps of reciting Rhymes in the English Nali-Kali classroom


In the previous article of English Nali-Kali (ENK) Class 1, we discussed how Presentation of Concepts can be carried out in the classroom for the students of Class 1.

Let us briefly recapitulate the discussions on the Presentation of Concepts

  • Concept presentations improve children's vocabulary.
  • There are three important parts in Concept Presentations: a primary concept, An associated concept, and a grammar concept.
  • The presentation process has 5 steps:

Step 1: Introduction to the topic 
Step 2: Explaining the vocabulary and grammar 
Step 3: Use of grammar card is to reinforce grammar concepts 
Step 4: Playing games to reinforce the concept
Step 5: Conducting a review using Meena the Puppet

The Rhyme Segment of ENK

We all know that kids love rhymes very much - in support of this point, I would like to quote an example: at your homes, you might have experienced children grabbing your smartphone and watching rhymes on YouTube! Rhymes play a very important role in learning a language in a non-threatening way. Children pick-up language unknowingly while listening/reciting rhymes.

In this article, you will understand how rhymes can be useful for learning a language in a non-threatening way.

Why Rhymes?

The use of rhymes in the primary classroom is an important tool for language acquisition, not only for the mother tongue but also for foreign languages. Combining physical movements with recitation can make learning very effective for younger learners. Children at the early stages may not understand all the words in the rhyme, but do not feel inhibited to act it out.

Rhymes help in introducing and practicing language including sounds, stress, and rhythmic patterns, vocabulary, pronunciation,  grammar, and conversational exchanges.  They allow children to hear and practice words and phrases repeatedly.

What are Rhymes?

The Rhymes segment is an emotionally supportive language learning segment that is useful for learning a language in a non-threatening way.

Rhymes are nothing but a set of simple words on simple themes involving repetition and rhyme where the rhythm and physical movement provide cues for the next lines. Rhymes in ENK are based on themes and reinforce topics known to children. 

Rhymes relate to the NCERT outcome: Recite poems/rhymes with actions.

Do's and Don'ts

The words used in rhymes are simple and repetitive, and the focus is on pronunciation, clarity, and fun. 
  • Do not allow children to sing the rhyme until they can clearly say the words. Do not allow them to shout. Voice modulation is important and shouting drowns wrong pronunciation.  
  • Avoid singing the rhyme as children are still learning the language and find it difficult to focus on both the words and the tune.
  • Actions must match the word meanings so that children can match words to action.

Follow these steps while reciting rhymes

Let us look at how rhymes are taught in steps. These steps are taught over four weeks. The schedule and sequence in which rhymes are taught are given clearly in the teacher card. The teacher is expected to follow the guidelines given in the teacher card.

6 steps of reciting Rhymes in the English Nali-Kali classroom
A sample 'Teacher Card' of Rhyme

Step 1: The teacher recites the whole rhyme in English with actions. 

Step 2: The teacher explains the rhyme in the mother tongue focusing on the keywords. 

Step 3: The teacher recites the whole rhyme line by line with action and gets the students to repeat and follow the actions and repeats as many times as necessary until students can say the rhyme. 

Watch this video to understand more about how to present the first 3 steps.

Step 4: The teacher recites half of the first line of the rhyme and asks students to complete the line.  The teacher says: This is the way I clap my hands, Students say: clap my hands, clap my hands, Clap, clap, clap...

Step 5: The teacher recites the first line and lets students say the next line. The same is repeated for the rest of the rhyme. 

Step 6: The teacher shows the actions and students say the lines to match the action. This is repeated 3-4 times.

Let us see how the complete activity is done in the classroom. Watch the video!

A brief summary
  • Rhymes are useful for learning a language in a non-threatening way.
  • Rhymes in the ENK are based on the themes and reinforce topics known to children.
  • Rhymes help develop pronunciation, tone, and stress, and rhythmic patterns and improve vocabulary.
  • Do not allow students to shout. Focus on pronunciation, clarity, and fun.
  • There are 6 steps to follow while reciting rhymes.

Download the module: Rhymes


Credits: Samagra Shikshana Karnataka and UNICEF

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