How to enable students to form English sentences using sight-words

Sight-words and sentence formation in English Nali-Kali

Recap!

In the previous article, we discussed how to teach the students to form English words through the phonic method. Today, in this article we would be discussing how to enable the students to form English sentences easily using sight-words.


Sight-words and sentence formation

How to enable students to form English sentences using sight-words
Steps in Reading

How reading competency is developed in children? 

Before we begin to understand how sentence formation is taught in English Nali-Kali, let us look at how reading competency is developed in children. To begin with, the child is exposed to the sounds of letters and he/she begins recognizing letters associating them with their sounds. Then the child learns to put the letters he/she has learned together to form words, again by understanding and analyzing their sounds. At the next level, the child learns to recognize sight words and thereby builds vocabulary and develops reading comprehension. This enables the child to develop fluency in reading.


Sight-words

Until now, from the previous articles, you have understood how students learn to read letters and form words using phonics. As stated earlier, to read a wider gamut of words and gain fluency, it is important to expose them to sight words.

How to enable students to form English sentences using sight-words

What are Sight words and how are they useful?

Although students begin reading by decoding words using phonics, all words cannot be taught by using the rules of phonics.  High-frequency words such as ‘this’, ‘is’, ‘the’, ‘a’, ‘and’ etc. are taught to them simultaneously as sight words.  Sight words are words that appear most frequently in reading and writing. They just need to be memorized and understood. These basic words help the child build his or her vocabulary. Combining sight words with phonics instruction increases a child’s speed and fluency in reading as well as reading comprehension or understanding.


How sight-words are taught in English Nali-Kali?

In English Nali-Kali, Sight words are introduced through a set of 3 activities that correspond to activity 10,11 and 12 in the ladder.

The first activity is carried out using stories and flashcards. The second activity is a writing activity done in the workbook by students. In the third activity, students play a grid game that involves the identification of sight-words.


Activity using Story Card

The teacher reads out the story in the story card and the students read along from their workbooks placing their finger on each word. The sight words are highlighted in the story. As the teacher reads, she/he lays stress on these sight words and also explains the meaning of these words.

How to enable students to form English sentences using sight-words
Story Card

Sight words when introduced in context helps students understand and enjoy the story. Repeated exposure to sight words helps the student retain the words better.


Activity using Flashcards

How to enable students to form English sentences using sight-words
Flashcards

The teacher reinforces sight words using flashcards and students repeat after her. She lays stress on the meaning of sight words. The teacher spreads the flashcards on the floor and calls them out. Students listen to the teacher and pick the correct card.

Watch this video for a better understanding of how sight-words are taught using Story Cards and Flashcards.


Activity using Workbook

How to enable students to form English sentences using sight-words
Workbook Sheet

Students practice writing of sight words in their workbook following which they play the grid game –Know your sight words, where they circle the sight words.

Watch this video to understand how the sight-words are introduced using Workbook.


Reading sentences

Once students have learned to read words and sight-words the next progression is to enable them to read sentences.

How to enable students to form English sentences using sight-words
Reading Sentences

Reading sentences helps in comprehension as the words are now grouped together to make sense.
Activities 13 and 14 involve reading and writing sentences from the story “Toto and the Cap”.
The sentences include sight words and other words that students have been exposed to in the milestones they have completed.

Watch this video to understand how to form sentences using Sight-Words.

Let us sum up 

  • All words cannot be taught by using the rules of phonics.
  • High-frequency words such as ‘this’, ‘is’, ‘the’, ‘a’, ‘and’ etc. are taught as sight words.. 
  • Sight words are words that appear most frequently in reading and writing and need to be memorized and understood.
  • Sight words when introduced in context helps students understand and enjoy whatever they read.


In ENK, Sight words are introduced through stories using the following steps:

  • The teacher reads out the story and the students read along from their workbooks placing their finger on each word. 
  • As the teacher reads, she/he lays stress on these sight words and explains the meaning of these words.



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Credits: Samagra Shikshana Karnataka and UNICEF

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