Learn how to introduce the English letters of the alphabet using the 6 steps in the ENK classroom

Learn how to introduce the English letters of the alphabet using the 6 steps in the ENK classroom

Recap!

As discussed earlier in the previous articles on English Nali-Kali, you came to know that there are 2 main sections in the English Nali-Kali Class 1 curriculum. The 2 main sections are: Listening and Speaking (L&S) and Reading and Writing (R&W).

You also learned that there are 7 themes and 6 segments in the Listening and Speaking (L&S) curriculum, each topic/theme/milestone is introduced through a set of 6 segments that follow a constant sequence.

Listening and Speaking (L&S) curriculum 

  • It focuses on increasing the child’s vocabulary. 
  • It enables the child to use English as a means of communication and also introduces children to words they already know and understand in their native language. 
  • The L&S session is a whole class process and does not follow the regular thatte (circle) process.


The Reading and Writing (R&W) curriculum has 6 milestones consisting of 202 steps/cards

1. Strokes (in this milestone students practice strokes of letters)

2. C O A P T

3. E S B I N

4. U D G R M

5. F H L W Y

6. J K Q V X Z

In this series of articles, I will be taking you through the Reading and Writing (R&W) curriculum of English Nali-Kali class 1.

As part of the Reading and Writing (R&W) curriculum, in this article, you will learn how letters are introduced and practiced in the ENK classroom.


Introduction to Letters

What do the children learn in class 1?

In class 1, the Reading and Writing curriculum enables children to recognize, read, and write small and capital forms of the English alphabet. They become familiar with clusters of letters and their sounds and recognize, read, and write 3 letter words, sight words. Also, students will be able to read simple words/short sentences with the help of pictures and understand them and write simple words in class 1.


How do the children learn to Read and Write?

In class 1, the Reading and Writing curriculum follows the thatte process. Each card represents a step in the learning ladder. The activities follow a progression and are distributed among the 3 thattes depending upon the level of teacher support required for the activity. Most writing activities are done independently by the child in thatte 3 and most reading activities are distributed across thattes 1 and 2 where the student is completely or partially supported by the teacher.

How the phonic method helps the child to read?

The phonic method of learning to read includes 2 skills

The first critical step is to hear and identify the smallest units of sound in the language. The second step is to associate letters with sounds. It helps the children convert letters into sound and then string them together to read words. Learn exceptions to the normal rules of conversion (decoding) and learn them as sight words. Once children can read words, they are taught to combine words and sight words to form sentences.

How the letters are introduced?

Letters are introduced as groups of commonly used letters rather than the conventional alphabet method.
Learn how to introduce the English letters of the alphabet using the 6 steps in the ENK classroom
Letter Groups

Letters are divided into 5 groups based on the frequency of their usage. They are, COAPT, ESBIN, UDGRM, FHLWY, and JKQVXZ and spread over 5 milestones. In the first milestone, students learn to write Strokes.

Watch this video to understand how the letters are introduced in the classroom. Each group of letters is introduced to students using 5 steps.

A multi-sensory approach is used to introduce the letters to enable students to retain the learning.

Activity 1 -  the teacher asks students to recognize the pictures of objects that begin with letters C, such as cat, car, and cap, etc. The teacher then shows the both capital and small forms of the letter C in the teacher card, calls out the letter along with the sound, and says “This is C, C say ka” and gets the student to repeat after her.

Activity 2 - The teacher gives each student a set of cards with different letters and asks them to pick the letter C. She then calls out the sound of the letter C. Students listen to the sound and pick the correct letter ’C’ and match it with the letter C on the teacher card and repeat the sound of the letter.

Activity 3 - The student traces the small letter ‘c’ on the card using their finger and writes the letter in the air 5 times using the correct hand movement, saying the sound of the letter.

Activity 4 - The student writes the letter repeatedly saying aloud the name and sound of the letter.

Watch this video to understand how all the above 4 activities are conducted in the classroom.

Activity 5 - The student is shown a set of pictures and asked to circle the pictures whose names begin with the sound ‘ka’. All these 5 activities are repeated for each of the letters COAPT in the milestone

Now, let us see how activity 5 is conducted in the classroom. Watch this video!

Activity 6 - It is a revision exercise. The student is given a set of letter cards. The teacher calls out the name or the sound of a letter. The student listens to the teacher and picks the card with the correct letter. She repeats the same with different letters.

Watch this video to understand activity 6.


Let me sum up

  • Letters are introduced as groups of commonly used letters rather than the conventional alphabet method. 
  • Students become familiar with clusters of letters and their sounds.
  • Activities in the introduction of letters follow the thatte process.

Each letter is introduced using 5 steps:

Step 1- Students recognize pictures of objects that begin with the letters, recognize the letters and their sounds.

Step 2 – Students identify letters from their sound.

Step 3 – Students trace the letters and write them in the air using correct hand movement.

Step 4 – Students write letters in their Workbook.

Step 5 - Students circle the pictures recalling the sound of letters.

Step 6 - Students revise the letters in the cluster with the teacher.


Download the complete module: Introduction to Letters


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Credits: Samagra Shikshana Karnataka and UNICEF




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